Dan Băcueţ-Crişan. Early mediaeval arrows discovered in Sylvanian Basin (Romania) // Warriors, Weapons, and Harness from the 5th-10th Centuries in the Carpathian Basin / Ethnic and Cultural Interferences in the 1st Millennium B.C. to the 1st Millennium A.D. / Ed. Călin Cosma. – 2015. – Vol. XXII. – P. 307-322.
The area in discussion is known as Sylvanian Basin or the Central Sylvanian Basin. As known, the early mediaeval archaeological sites are characterized by the dominant presence of artefacts made of clay (ceramics). However, archaeological contexts resulted at the end of the research, offered, although in a v ery limited quantity, o ther artifacts made of different materials: bone, s tone, me tal.
A special group, belonging to the category of artifacts made of metal, is the group of the arrows, pieces that appear rarely in early mediaeval inventories. In Sylvanian Basin, are known so far 15 exemplaries – all made of iron – discovered in five settlements and three fortresses. The early medieval arrows from Sylvanian Basin were discovered during several types of archaeological research: surface, systematic and rescue. The archaeological sites from which these arrows come from, cover a large chronological area that
stretches from the middle of the VIIth century until XIIIth–XIVth centuries.
Keywords: Early Middle Age, arrows, Sylvanian Basin, typological classification, chronology