Kotowicz, P. N., Glinianowicz, M., Michalak, A. (2019) Elements of Weaponry from the 9th- and 10th-Century Trepcza Complex near Sanok, South-Eastern Poland. In Bewaffnung und Reiterausrüstung des 8. bis 10. Jahrhunderts in Mitteleuropa Internationale Tagungen in Mikulčice IX (pp. 403-420). Brno: Archeologický ústav Akademie věd České republiky.
The article is concerned with the early medieval military artefacts which were found during archaeological excavations at the Trepcza complex (Sanok District, Podkarpackie Voivodeship). The complex is composed of several elements: two strongholds (“Horodna” site 1 and “Horodyszcze” site 2), a barrow cemetery (site 3) and the “Horodna” stronghold suburbium (site 25). Among the artefacts which were found in these sites were: one battle axe, one axe and four fragments of other axes, 34 arrowheads (including specimens with tang and triple-winged), one single ring
of chain mail, two eyelet spurs, three other spurs and three loops for spurs, one iron bit and one horseshoe. All these objects were probably used in the 9th (2nd half? ) and also probably the beginning of the 10th century.
Keywords: South-Eastern Poland – Trepcza complex – 9th- and 10th century – weaponry – Great Moravian influences – Magyars