Zachodnioeuropejskie korzenie husarii orszańskiej

Biblio-epochiWołodymyr Hucul. Zachodnioeuropejskie korzenie husarii orszańskiej, Bitwa pod Orszą, red. M. Nagielski, Warszawa 2015, p. 53-73.

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The article analyses the genesis of hussars, members of a military formation that not only marked their place in the most dramatic events of military history of central Eastern Europe of the 16th and 17th
 century, but at the same time formed an iconic motif of the Polish culture. The painting presenting the Battle of Orsha kept in the National Museum in Warsaw is the proof and tangible confirmation of these two theses. The picture is an integral element of the extended European iconographic tradition of the first three decades of the 16th century that very thoroughly documented military developments of that time.  A comparative analysis of hussar formations depicted in the Battle of Orhsa image and that of visual and textual sources of Western provenance makes it possible to draw a conclu-sion that the Polish-Lithuanian hussars of the first half of the 16th century were identical with the so-called stradiots – mercenary cavalrymen of southern European origin in west-ern European armies. Stradiots formations were popularized in the western armies during the so-called Italian wars. The author advances the theses that the Polish-Lithuanian hussars of the first half of the 16th century represented the most effcient reception of military innovations that originated in Western Europe at that time. The process of it adaptation to the Polish-Lithuanian army is presented in the pictureThe Battle of Orsha.
Keywords:
 battle of Orsha, Renaissance battle painting, Italian Wars, hussars,
 stradiots, mounted shock combat


Genre: Дослідження історії бойових мистецтв й військової тактики; проблеми військової антропології (С), Міждисциплінарна проблематика у зброєзнавстві (гуманітарна) (C), Регіони: Європа, Регіони: Україна
Subjects: Статті

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